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What is the ESA Benefit and How Much ESA can You Receive for Illness?



What is the ESA Benefit and How Much ESA can You Receive for Illness?

What is the ESA Benefit and How Much ESA can You Receive for Illness? This article delves into the intricacies of Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) benefits, shedding light on what it entails and the financial assistance available for individuals dealing with illness. The simplicity of the application process ensures accessibility for all.

ESA Benefit

The ESA benefit, proposed by the Department of Work and Pensions in 2008, plays a vital role in supporting the lives of UK citizens. This financial scheme aims to provide a safety net for those unable to work due to disability or illness, reducing dependence on others for basic needs.

Financial Breakdown of ESA

In the UK, the estimated annual cost of living is Euro 2,268 for a family of four. ESA offers financial allowances, with individuals aged 25 or more receiving Euro 67.20 and those older than 25 getting Euro 84.40. This support ensures financial stability for those facing health challenges.

Eligibility Criteria for ESA Benefits

To access ESA benefits, certain eligibility criteria must be met:

  • Individuals at State Pension age can apply if their health affects their ability to work.
  • Eligibility extends to those who have worked as employees or been self-employed.
  • Disabled individuals must provide professional-verified documentation.

Applicants suffering from any illness are eligible, with a requirement for consistent National Insurance Contributions for 2 to 3 years.

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Application Process for ESA Benefits

The application process for ESA benefits is user-friendly, allowing individuals to apply online through the official UK Government website. Detailed steps include checking eligibility, providing personal information, and ensuring accuracy to prevent form rejection.

  • Visit the official UK Government website at
  • Navigate to the “check eligibility” section.
  • Enter required information such as bank details, National Insurance number, healthcare provider details, personal information, and income sources.
  • Click on “Apply Now” to complete the application.

Determining ESA Amount for Illness

The amount individuals can access through ESA benefits depends on their age:

  1. Individuals aged 25: £67.20
  2. Individuals aged 25 or older: £84.80

Types of ESA and Accessible Amounts

The Department for Work and Pensions provides ESA in three main types:

  • Income-based ESA
  • New style ESA
  • Contribution-based ESA

Eligible individuals may claim both income and contribution-based ESA, with the higher amount granted after analysis by the DWP.

Special Rules for Terminal Illness

For those facing terminal illnesses, special rules apply:

  • Fast-tracked claims for terminal illness.
  • Beneficiaries added to the support group receiving £128.85 per week.
  • Exemption from Work Capability Assessment for beneficiaries under special rules.

Claiming under special rules is limited to individuals with worsening health conditions, supported by documentation predicting a life expectancy of less than 12 months.


ESA benefits serve as a crucial support system for individuals facing illness or disability, providing financial stability and easing the burden of daily living expenses. The accessible application process and various eligibility criteria ensure that those in need can avail themselves of this essential assistance.

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